Artist: Warren Smith
Title: Natural / Cultural Forces
Genre: Jazz
Release Date: 2007
Duration: 00:52:42
Quality: High-Fidelity FLAC Stereo 24bit/96kHz

Natural/Cultural Forces is a musical representation of visual locations and situations. For the opener Pyramid Warren instructed the three other members of the quartet to imagine what it would sound like to be on the inside a pyramid building up. Hence the crescendos for the grand size of the pyramid and the intimate small playing describing the small interior of a such a large structure.

For American Flamingo Warren instructed tenor sax Andrew Lamb to imagine a large young bird’s first flight out of the nest. Squawking and trepidation followed by lift off. The title Taurus at Pasture came after the piece was dropped, but the quiet pastoral mood is evident from Mark David Taylor’s long French horn tones and Warren’s delicate playing. For the tympani/upright duet Epicenter, Warren guided bassist Tom Abbs to thinking about what it sounds like at the center of Earth. To conclude Natural/Cultural Forces Warren does a pair of solos. One is an homage to Duke Ellington done on tympani drums. Finally, the set wraps with El Yunque, the Puerto Rican rain forest. The piece begins with the canopy and works it way down to the ground. The wooden marimba and the metal percussion produce an ambient combination of sharp ringing tones and earthy wooden ones.


  1. Pyramid Part 1 – 8:29
  2. Pyramid Part 2 – 11:18
  3. American Flamingo – 7:33
  4. Taurus at Pasture – 5:23
  5. Epicenter – 9:12
  6. Royal Drums of Duke’s Court – 3:26
  7. El Yunque – 7:27